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Rabies -  Connecticut state law requires vaccination of cats and dogs.  Rabies is a viral disease affecting the central nervous system. It is usually spread through a bite from an infected animal; however, saliva contact with mucous membranes or open wounds on the skin are also possible routes.  The initial vaccine is given after 12 weeks of age, it is repeated after 1 year and then every 3 years thereafter.

DHLPP  or DAP or DAPP or DALPP -  Each of these vaccines have various combinations of  Distemper - Hepatitis (Adenovirus) - Leptospirosis - Parainfluenza - Parvovirus.  Dr. Mitterling will determine which of the “Distemper” vaccines is right for your pet. The vaccine is given at 8 weeks,12 weeks, and 16 weeks of age.  It is repeated after 1 year and then every 3 years thereafter.  This vaccine helps to prevent the following contagious infections that can affect dogs.

Canine distemper is a highly contagious virus, which affects the intestinal tract, the respiratory tract and the central nervous system of a pet. Symptoms include fever, runny eyes, vomiting, diarrhea, seizures, and paralysis and death.

Canine hepatitis is an infectious disease caused by the adenovirus type 1. The virus can be transmitted through bodily fluids and can cause liver failure.  Fortunately, this has been eliminated by the vaccine.

Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease, which means it can be transmitted from animals to humans.  It can be contracted through contaminated water. There are several strains of leptospirosis and the DHLPP vaccine can protect against only four of the most common strains. Other strains of leptospirosis may be potentially dangerous for the dog, even if he receives the DHLPP vaccine. Symptoms include fever, chronic vomiting, diarrhea, muscle weakness, possible kidney and liver failure.

Parvovirus  is a highly contagious virus that is spread through contact with contaminated dogs and surfaces. Symptoms include fever, vomiting, and diarrhea that will lead to dehydration and possibly death. 

Parainfluenza is a viral disease, it is not usually life threatening, but it may cause a lot of discomfort and is a contagious condition. Symptoms include a dry coughing and breathing problems, nasal discharge, general lethargy, and a slight fever.   Parainfluenza is not the Canine Influenza Virus, both cause respiratory symptoms but are caused by different viruses.

Leptospirosis - Based on your pet’s situation, Dr. Mitterling may choose to give one of the  distemper vaccines that does not cover Leptospirosis so that is can be given separately at a different time.  If that is the case, the leptospirosis vaccine is given twice ( 2-4 weeks apart) and then yearly after that.

Lyme - One of the most common tick transmitted diseases. When infection leads to disease in dogs, the dominant clinical feature is recurrent lameness due to inflammation of the joints. There may also be a lack of appetite, depression, fever, and pain.  More serious complications include damage to the kidneys, and rarely, heart or nervous system disease.  The lyme vaccine is given to dogs 9 weeks of age or older.  The dog initially receives two vaccines 2-4 weeks apart and an annual booster thereafter.

Bordetella-  The vaccine can be given as an injection, intranasally or orally.  Dr. Mitterling prefers the oral route because the intranasal can sometimes be irritating to the nasal passageways and can be difficult to effectively administer. The vaccine is given twice, 3-4 weeks apart (and yearly thereafter).  Because the illness is caused by a complex of viruses as well as the bacteria Bordetella, the vaccine does not protect against all the various causes of the kennel cough complex, however the vaccine does decrease the severity of the symptoms and in some cases does prevents the illness.

Kennel cough, the common name given to infectious canine tracheobronchitis, is a highly contagious respiratory disease among dogs. As the name suggests, it causes inflammation of the trachea and bronchi. It is also sometimes referred to as bordetellosis or bordetella. Symptoms include a persistent cough, retching, watery nasal discharge.

Canine Influenza-  The vaccine is given initially as 2 doses (2-4 weeks apart) and then yearly thereafter.  The vaccine components are changing as new strains of canine influenza emerge (similar to how the human flu vaccine is manufactured).  If there is an outbreak of canine influenza in the area, Dr. Mitterling will recommend the vaccine.  

Canine influenza it primarily a respiratory disease and is highly contagious.  Symptoms include fever, coughing, sneezing, malaise, and anorexia.